The eastern part of the province faces the Ionian Sea; to the north lies Apulia (the Province of Bari and the Province of Taranto), the Province of Potenza is to the west and it borders Calabria (the Province of Cosenza) to the south.
The area is rich in tourist attractions. The Ionian coastline is famous for its pristine beaches, for its history and artefacts dating back to Magna Grecia and for its wholesome, delicious cuisine.
The hill upon which Matera is built bears witness to its rich historical, artistic and cultural past. The towns in the Materan hinterland boast exquisitely beautiful architectural gems and the landscape is enchanting and varied. Matera is the capital of the province and is one of the most interesting sites of cave dwellings in the world, a unique cityscape of buildings carved out of tufa stone. The Sassi district of Matera is a rare example of ‘negative’ architecture, utterly unique. The towns in the Provincial district of Matera still maintain lively cultural lives of popular traditions, with a wealth of artistic and cultural events of national and international renown.